There are a myriad of ways to produce a handmade rug, with methods of weaving and tufting that originate from many different parts of the world. These differing constructions each have a distinctive texture, and have certain strengths when it comes to design, appearance and suitability for different spaces. The different techniques used to make rugs can be confusing, but we've put together a short guide about the differences and benefits of each!
Hand tufted floor rugs are produced by shooting yarn through a tufting gun into a stretched fabric frame, much like a stretched canvas. Each shape and colour is tufted separately, like a colour-by-numbers and their construction makes them perfect choice for geometric designs. Hand tufted floor rugs are a more affordable than handknotted rugs, and their durability means they are suitable for commercial applications.
Handknot rugs are created using many thousands of individual knots, with the weaver tightly knotting the yarn around the weft of the rug. This ancient technique produces floor rugs with a beautiful handmade quality, and are perfect for showcasing fine detail and organic designs. Handmade with great skill, these beautiful rugs are made to be treasured for generations to come.
Handlooming is a broad term meaning any rug handmade on a loom, and can cover a variety of techniques (including handknotting), sometimes passed down through generations. The textural possibilities of handloomed rugs are endless, using rods, shuttles and knots to create the final product. Handlooming is perfectly suited to plain rugs, simple patterns lends itself well to plain rugs, small scale patterns and interesting textures.
Flatweave rugs are, as the name suggests, woven flat which gives them a low height. Sometimes known by the names dhurrie or kilim, flat weaves are idea for creating simple textures or repeating patterns, and can also be reversible featuring a pattern on both sides.
Each of one of these rug styles has a unique finish, and in the end the choice should be made based on your preferred look, and the suitability of the floor rug in the space.