Materials + Construction

There are a myriad of ways to produce a handmade rug, and a wide variety of materials available with different benefits. Yarns can differ in appearance, lustre, softness, and each will perform in a different way.

The rug itself can also be made using various techniques, with methods of weaving and tufting that originate from many different parts of the world.

These differing constructions each have a distinctive texture, and have certain strengths when it comes to design, appearance and suitability for different spaces.
There are a myriad of ways to produce a handmade rug, and a wide variety of materials available with different benefits. Yarns can differ in appearance, lustre, softness, and each will perform in a different way.

The rug itself can also be made using various techniques, with methods of weaving and tufting that originate from many different parts of the world.

Materials

Wool
Semi Worsted Wool
Bamboo
Viscose
Silk
Hemp

Wool

Valued for its durability and natural softness, sheep’s wool has been a staple of rug making for millennia.

It’s distinctive structure and lanolin content give it a number of important benefits – it is flame retardant, stain repellent, extremely durable and is even a natural dehumidifier. Wool is also a 100% renewable product, making it highly sustainable and eco friendly. We primarily use New Zealand wool in our hand tufted product, and Tibetan wool in our handknotted product.
View our wool designs
Valued for its durability and natural softness, sheep’s wool has been a staple of rug making for millennia.

Semi-Worsted Wool

Semi-worsted wool is a particular solid high-grade quality of wool which is created by a process of combing.

Because of its dense pile, it is ideal for use in particularly detailed hand tufted rugs.

Very intricate designs can be carved into semi-worsted wool with a crisp finish.
View our wool designs
Semi-worsted wool is ideal for use in particularly detailed hand tufted rugs.

Bamboo

For a touch of shimmer and shine, bamboo and viscose yarns are a beautiful choice!

Made from bamboo fibres it adds dimension to many of our designs, playing wonderfully with light and shifting constantly under your gaze.

Bamboo has a lustre similar to silk and is used to emphasise portions of the rugs design, creating incredible highlights and lowlights.
View our Bamboo designs
With a lustre similar to silk, Bamboo and Viscose can be used to emphasise portions of your design.

Viscose

Viscose, sometimes called Art Silk, is made from wood pulp. Viscose adds dimension to many of our designs, playing wonderfully with light and shifting constantly under your gaze.

Viscose has a lustre similar to silk and is used to emphasise portions of the rugs design, creating incredible highlights and lowlights.
View our Viscose designs
With a lustre similar to silk, Bamboo and Viscose can be used to emphasise portions of your design.

Silk

There is nothing quite like the luxurious softness and shine of pure silk.

Its unparalleled lustre comes from its unique structure, which reflects light and intensifies colour. We can incorporate silk into most of our design catalogue as part of our bespoke design service, to add an extra level of luxury to your rug.

Despite its delicate appearance, it is also an incredibly strong fibre, and can last for generations.
View our Silk designs
Unparalleled in its lustre, silk brings an extra level of luxury to a design.

Hemp

One of the strongest natural plant fibers, hemp is a durable yarn that is resistant to damp, and a naturally hypoallergenic material.

We use hemp in conjunction with wool and other fibres to create interesting textural finishes and a rustic finish, such as in our Carousel and Hare + Klein collections.

Hemp creates an earthy, handmade aesthetic to our designs that adds a little touch of wabi-sabi to your space.
View our Hemp designs
With an earthy, handmade aesthetic, hemp adds a touch of wab-sabi to a space.

Construction

Hand Tufted
Handknotted
Axminster Carpet

Hand Tufted

Hand tufted rugs are produced by shooting yarn through a tufting gun into a stretched fabric frame, much like a stretched canvas.

Each shape and colour is tufted separately, like a colour-by-numbers and their construction makes them perfect choice for geometric designs.

Hand tufted rugs are a more affordable than handknotted rugs, and their durability means they are suitable for commercial applications.
View our Hand Tufted designs
View Hand Tufted designs
Each shape and colour is tufted separately, like a colour-by-numbers and their construction makes them perfect choice for geometric designs.

Handknotted

Handknot rugs are created using many thousands of individual knots, with the weaver tightly knotting the yarn around the weft of the rug.

This ancient technique produces rugs with a beautiful handmade quality, and are perfect for showcasing fine detail and organic designs.

Handmade with great skill, these beautiful rugs a made to be treasured for generations to come.
View our Handknotted  designs
View Handknotted  designs
Handmade with great skill, these beautiful rugs a made to be treasured for generations to come.

Axminster Carpet

Axminster carpets are named after a type of hand-weave style that originated in the old English town of Axminster, during the late 18th century.

Made from 80% Wool and 20% Nylon, this luxurious carpet offers great flexibilities in colours and design, as well as being extremely soft and durable.
View our Axminster Carpet Range
View Axminster Range
The luxurious Axminster carpet offers great flexibilities in colours and design, as well as being extremely soft and durable.

Finishes

Cut Pile
Loop Pile
Carving
Felted yarn

Cut Pile

Cut pile refers to the practice of shearing loops of yarn to leave a dense upright pile.
Cut pile 

Loop Pile

Loop pile is when the knots are not sheared, retaining the rounded loop texture.
loop pile

Carving

Carving is a highly skilled finishing technique, in which patterns and linework are hand carved from the pile to give contrast and depth.
Carving

Felted Yarn

Felted Yarn is a beautifully tactile, textural method of spinning wool, and is used to achieve a shaggy appearance.
Felted Yarn
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